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GIMPS has discovered a new largest known prime number: 2^{82589933}1 (24,862,048 digits) Ramanujan produced a curious approximation by dividing 99^{2} by 1103. The quotient being close to 2 times the square root of 2. [Croll] 1103^{2} = 1216609 and 3011^{2} = 9066121. [Kulsha] The smallest Sophie Germain prime to be the sum of four consecutive primes. [Post] The smallest reflectable balanced prime. [Abramowitz] John Conway's game of life starts with cells that are "alive" (marked or shaded) in an infinite array. Each subsequent "generation" (iteration): a living cell stays alive if it has either two or three living neighbors; and a dead cell springs to life if it has exactly three live neighbors. The Rpentomino and its next four generations are shown in the figure above. The pattern that this pentomino generates does not stabilize until the 1103rd generation. (There is even an initial arrangement of cells that will generate the prime numbers!) [Caldwell] The only fourdigit prime (emirp) that is the sum of the reversals of two consecutive primes, i.e., 199 and 211. [Silva] Seymour R. Cray designed the UNIVAC 1103, the first electronically digital computer to become commercially available. He often joked that he was "an overpaid plumber" because most of the computer design revolved around designing cooling units to extract heat from the hardware.
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