This number is a composite.
169 = (27 + 72) - (7 + 1) and is the smallest perfect square of the form (2p + p2) - (p + 1). [Charles]
The lucky numbers of Euler are well known. But what will happen if we change the formula a little? Consider A = 169 - n - n^2. The expression A is prime for n = 1 to 12 and |A| is prime for n = 1 to 24. Do you know another number which give the same results except 4, 9, 25 and 49? [Petrov]
The smallest square such that every digit (d) repeated d times gives prime. Note that the same is true if we reverse or invert the digits of the number 169, i.e. 1666666999999999, 9999999996666661 and 6666669999999991 are all primes. [Petrov]