This number is a prime.
The Fermat Prize for Mathematics Research started in 1987. It rewards the work of one or more mathematicians in fields where the contributions of Pierre de Fermat have been decisive: statements of variational principles, foundations of probability and analytical geometry, and number theory.
The concept of self-organized criticality (SOC) was put forward by Per Bak, Chao Tang and Kurt Wiesenfeld in a paper published in 1987 and is considered to be one of the mechanisms by which complexity arises in nature. [Jackson]
The largest number in a Collatz trajectory is 9232 for 1987 different numbers. [Gaydos]
There are 1987 ways to place four non-attacking chess kings on a 5 × 5 board. [Astudillo]