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<caldwell@utm.edu> The smallest odd prime number that cannot be expressed as the sum of a power of two and a prime (so it is also the smallest prime that becomes composite upon changing any one of the bits in its binary expansion). [Capelle] Monarchos won the 127th Kentucky Derby. Place a one on both ends of 127 eights to form a prime. [Kulsha] (127) = 1!_{3} + 2!_{3} + 7!_{3}, where n!_{3} is the triple factorial function. 127 divides (3^3^2 + 2^2^3). [Kulsha] 2^{0} + 2^{1} + 2^{2} + 2^{3} + 2^{4} + 2^{5} + 2^{6} = 127. 127 can be expressed as the sum of factorials of the first three odd numbers (1! + 3! + 5!). John Barrymore kissed Mary Astor and Estelle Taylor a total of 127 times in the film Don Juan (1926). [Dobb] "And Sarah was an hundred and seven and twenty years old: these were the years of the life of Sarah." (Genesis 23:1, KJV) There are 127 prime pairs that sum to ten thousand. [Richstein] 2^{126} + 7 is the smallest 127bit prime. [Kulsha] The last three digits of the eleventh Mersenne prime is 127. Note that the next Mersenne prime happens to be M(127). [Honaker] ASCII characters are numbered from 0 to 127. 127 * 10^{31000} + 1 is prime. [Brown] 127 = 4^{3} * 2  1. [Kulsha] (2^1271)/(21) and (2^127+1)/(2+1) are primes. [Luhn] 127 = 5! + 7. Note that 5 and 7 are twin primes. [Avrutin] 127 = 10^{2} + 3^{3}. [Trigg] The thickness of a human hair is ~ 1/127 inch. [Gribbin] 2^{7}  1 is the number of ways of drawing any number of nonintersecting chords among 7 points on a circle. [Rupinski] Mozart, a prime composer, was born on 1/27. [Patterson] In the 19th century, Camille Armand Jules Marie, better known as the "Prince de Polignac," missed the fact that 127 is not an odd number that is the sum of a power of two and a prime. Andy Edwards coined the name "obstinate numbers" to describe such integers. 127 = 1 + 2^{7}. (All digits are used in the same order.) [Jeursen] 127 = 1*prime(1) + 2*prime(2) + 7*prime(7). Note that 127 is the largest number with this property. There are only two such numbers, and both are primes. [Firoozbakht] 127 millimeters is exactly five inches. [Vrba] 127 is the first odd prime Motzkin number. [Post] The number of primenumbered days of the month in a leap year. [Cabisco] The smallest wasteful prime number, which may be described as using fewer letters than in its standard name: "five cubed plus two" rather than "one hundred and twentyseven." [Beedassy] The smallest prime number that is the concatenation of two distinct cubes (1 and 27). [Cuenta] M(127) = M(M(7)) = M(M(M(3))) = M(M(M(M(2)))). Note that M(2), M(3), M(7) and M(127) are all Mersenne primes. [Capelle] Maya Mohsin Ahmed of UC Davis found that the numbers in an 8by8 Franklin square can be described by 127 equations. When Benjamin Franklin (17061790) wasn't flying kites, the noted polymath found time to experiment with recreational mathematics. Among other things, he invented magic square variants that are constructed with nonnegative numbers and contain the following properties: the entries of each row and column add to a common (or magic) sum; half of each row or column sums to half of the magic sum; the four corner entries together with the four middle entries add to the magic sum; in addition, each of the "bent rows" (as Franklin called them) have the magic sum. We still do not know what method Franklin used to construct his squares, and leave it for the reader to find other interesting properties. 127 is the 27th prime after 7. [Silva] 127 is the sum of the first (1*2+7) odd primes. [Beedassy] 127 Band is a successful Iranian music group. Their music can best be described as gypsy jazz folk, with an alternative sound. 127 = 10^2+3^3 = gives 127 = 2^2*5^2+3^3 where p(1) appears three times, p(2) twice and p(3) once. 127 = 2^6+3^3+6^2 (palindromic) = p(31) = p(p(11)) = p(p(p(5))) = p(p(p(p(3)))) = p(p(p(p(p(2))))) = p(p(p(p(p(p(1)))))). 127 is the prime for which ((p(1) + ... + p(n))/p(n)) decreases for the first time. [Marot] The largest known prime p such that p^{2} mod q is odd, where q is the previous prime. [Capelle] The largest known prime number that cannot be written as a sum of cubes greater than one. It's the only such prime written with two cubes concatenated. [Capelle] The number of tennis matches required to determine the singles champion at Wimbledon. The smallest regular prime nontrivially a partial sum of regular primes: 3 + 5 + 7 + 11 + 13 + 17 + 19 + 23 + 29 = 127, the 25th regular prime. [Post] I127 is the only stable isotope of Iodine. [Homewood] The product of the first 127 triangular numbers plus one is prime. [Schiffman] The number of dots in the next term of the following prime sequence puzzle: o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o , o o o o o , o o o o o o o , o o o o o o o o o , ... (Why 127?) o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o The number of hours that Aron Ralston remained trapped prior to cutting off his own arm with the equivalent of a sharp stick and a dull knife. [Case] 127 is the maximum number of touchdowns in a season a player can throw for in Madden NFL 06. [Sajak] There are 127 species of cuckoos, one of them the infamous road runner. [Homewood] King Achashverosh of the story of Esther ruled 127 provinces.
(There are 10 curios for this number that have not yet been approved by an editor.)
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