primorial
(another Prime Pages' Glossary entries)
The Prime Glossary
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We define p# (p-primorial) to be the product of the primes less than or equal to p. For example:

  • 3# = 2.3 = 6,
  • 5# = 2.3.5 = 30, and
  • 13# = 2.3.5.7.11.13 = 30030.
This is also called p-prime factorial. Euclid's proof that there are infinitely many primes provides what may be the first use of p# (the concept, not the notation).

It is customary to only apply the notation p# to primes p, but some authors will apply it to any positive real number (e.g., 10.72# = 2.3.5.7 = 210). When viewed this way, the function log(x#) is Tschebycheff's function, and the prime number theorem is equivalent to the expression

log x# ~ x,
(i.e., (log x#)/x approaches 1 as x approaches infinity.)

See Also: Factorial, FactorialPrime, MultifactorialPrime

Related pages (outside of this work)




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